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A Self-Guided Walking Tour of Jersey City's Van Vorst Park Historic District
A Walking Tour of Architectural Styles
Introduction – The Greek Revival

By Herbert J. Githens

Subsequent styles returned to Greek and Roman classicism for inspiration. Advocates of the Greek Revival were drawn to parallels between American and Greek democracy as Greece fought for independence from the Turks. Archeological excavations in the eighteenth century of Greek architectural monuments influenced builder's pattern books published in the nineteenth century. The Greek Revival style, executed with wood frame construction, became the national style of the United States from 1830 on into the 1860s.

Crown
Full classical entablature of 1. Cornice with dentil blocks, 2. Frieze and, 3. Architrave of three fascia boards.
 
 
Windows
Small attic windows interrupt the crown. Simple stone lintels with drip moldings & simple stone sills. Small paned sash
 
 
Basement
Partially below ground & topped by stone "watertable." Foundation wall usually brick, sometimes stone.
Wall
Brick walling of "Running of American" bond: 5 to 7 layers of "stretchers" (long sides) and one layer of "headers" (short sides)> Details here mostly on wood, some brownstone.
 
 
Entry
Full entablature plus supporting columns makes a complete architectural order. Simple paneled door with transom overhead and sidelights.
Ironwork
Mostly of light wrought-iron bars with anthemion designs. Handrail swirls into a basket newell

Anthemion

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